Friday, September 8, 2023

Did Kamal Ata Turk build Turkey from the ashes? Why are Islamists against him?

 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was the founder and first president of the Republic of Turkey

1
3
.
 He initiated a rigorous program of political, economic, and cultural reforms with the ultimate aim of building a modern, progressive, and secular nation-state
1
.
 Atatürk undertook sweeping progressive reforms, which modernized Turkey into a secular, industrializing nation
1
.
 He made primary education free and compulsory, opening thousands of new schools all over the country. He also introduced the Latin-based Turkish alphabet, replacing the old Ottoman Turkish alphabet
1
.
 Atatürk created a banner to mark the changes between the old Ottoman and the new republican rule
1
.
 Each change was aimed at modernizing Turkey and making it a secular state. The ideology behind Atatürk's reform program became known as Kemalism
7
12
.
 Its main points were enumerated in the Six Arrows of Kemalism as republicanism, nationalism, populism, reformism, statism, and secularism
7
.
 These were regarded as "fundamental and unchanging principles" guiding the republic, and, as such, they were written into its constitution
7
.
Atatürk's reforms were aimed at modernizing Turkey and making it a secular state. However, his reforms were opposed by religious conservatives
4
.
 There have been three phases of Islamist counter-revolution in response to the Kemalist revolution
2
.
 These phases are demonstrated by the rule of the Democrat Party (1950-1960), the Welfare Party (mid-1990s), and the current Justice and Development Party
2
.
 The Islamist opposition is against Kemalism and the aggressive secularism which attacked Islam and banished it from public life, not Ataturk per se
4
.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Why does new a born sleep most of the time?

  Here's why newborns sleep so much: Rapid Development: Brain Growth:  A newborn's brain is undergoing incredible development. Sleep...