Tuesday, May 14, 2024

What does German citizenship mean? |

 West Germany in May 1949 laid the groundwork for the unified Germany we know today. Following the Second World War, the Basic Law was established to ensure that the atrocities of the Nazi era would never be repeated. During the Holocaust, the Nazis deprived Jews and other minorities of their full citizenship rights, resulting in the tragic deaths of 6 million Jews. The legacy of this dark chapter continues to influence contemporary life in Germany. Memorials serve as poignant reminders of those who suffered.


Pippa Goldschmidt, the granddaughter of a German Jew, has a personal connection to this history. Her grandfather managed to escape Nazi persecution by fleeing to England, where Pippa was raised. Decades later, she has reclaimed her German citizenship as a descendant of a victim of Nazi persecution, exercising her right under the Basic Law. Currently residing in Berlin, citizenship holds both a practical and symbolic significance for her.


Pippa, a writer, is preparing to publish a book about her family's story. During a visit from her translator and publisher in Berlin, they examine her grandfather's German passport, a tangible link to his past. Stripped of his German citizenship by the Nazis, Pippa's journey to reclaim her heritage is a means of honoring his memory and connecting with her roots.


In her research and writing, Pippa acknowledges the role of Germany's culture of remembrance in bridging the gap between past and present. The collective effort of Germans to confront and learn from their history has aided her in understanding and reconciling with the past. As Pippa delves into her family history, she finds solace in the shared commitment to memory and reflection within German society.


German citizenship represents more than legal documentation; it embodies a sense of belonging, identity, and history. With a population of nearly 85 million, there exists a diverse tapestry of what it means to be German, reflecting the complexity and richness of the nation's past and present.

Thursday, May 2, 2024

The main causes of hand numbness

 Neurological causes: cervical discopathy , cervical radiculopathy, hand nerve compression (radial nerve palsy, carpal tunnel syndrome , pressure on the ulnar nerve). Numbness of the hands associated with pressure on the nerves and their damage may result from injuries: fractures, joint dislocations, sprains or bruises, bad work habits, weight-bearing movements (so-called tennis elbow , golfer's elbow ), as well as cysts or cancerous tumors, other diseases , e.g. multiple sclerosis , peripheral neuropathies.

Note: a neurological cause of numbness in the hands may also be a stroke ! If the patient also experiences tingling or numbness in parts of the face or around the corner of the mouth, this may indicate an emergency and requires calling an ambulance.

Muscular causes – may involve excessive muscle tension or an inflammatory reaction in the tendon. Numbness in the hands may result from diseases in nearby muscles (e.g. myofascial pain syndrome).

Degenerations - numbness and tingling in the hands are the result of degenerations most often in the cervical spine. There is also weakening of muscle strength and difficulty in performing precise activities and grasping small objects.

Circulatory disorders - atherosclerosis and the resulting narrowing of blood vessels may be responsible for numbness in the hands in people over 50 years of age . Hand problems, including numbness, may also be a consequence of venous thrombosis, which is commonly associated only with the lower limbs and may also affect the hands.

Circulation problems that may cause numbness in the hands also include lymphatic stasis, e.g. after enlargement or removal of lymph nodes in the armpit.

Rheumatic diseases of the joints and muscles - most of them can cause discomfort in the hand, including numbness, tingling and pain.

Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) - this is a set of neurological and vascular symptoms affecting the hands, caused by pressure on the brachial plexus (the plexus of spinal nerves passing through the arm), subclavian artery, subclavian vein and axillary vein. One of the symptoms of this disease is numbness in the hands.

Endocrine diseases , e.g. diabetes.

Psychogenic causes - the feeling of numbness, tingling in the hands, or pinching of the skin may not have an organic cause in the form of a disease, but result from mental disorders: depression , neurosis or hypochondria .

Sunday, April 28, 2024

Why is Grand Mufti Muhammad Amin so Hussein a controversial figure ?

Yes, Muhammad Amin al-Husseini, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, is indeed a controversial figure in history. His tenure as Grand Mufti, particularly during the period leading up to and during World War II, has been the subject of significant debate and analysis.

Al-Husseini was appointed as the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem in 1921 and quickly became a prominent leader in the Arab nationalist movement in Palestine, opposing British rule and Jewish immigration. His opposition to Zionism and the British Mandate in Palestine led to his involvement in several riots and revolts during the 1920s and 1930s.

His controversial legacy is largely due to his political activities during World War II. Al-Husseini met with Adolf Hitler and other Nazi officials, seeking their support for Arab independence and expressing support for their policies towards the Jews. He was involved in propaganda efforts for the Axis powers and was implicated in attempts to organize a Muslim SS division in the Balkans, although these efforts had limited success.

After the war, al-Husseini's actions during the conflict and his association with the Nazis made him a contentious figure. His legacy is still debated today, with some viewing him as a nationalist hero who fought against colonial rule, while others criticize his alliances and actions as deeply problematic due to his association with Nazi Germany and his efforts against the Jewish population.

The complexity of al-Husseini's actions and the varied interpretations of his motivations and legacy make him a particularly controversial figure in the context of Middle Eastern history and the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Monday, April 22, 2024

What is Sarcopenia and How to Avoid It. How much muscle is lost wih the passage of time?

Sarcopenia is a condition characterized by the age-related progressive loss of muscle mass, strength, and function1. It commonly affects people aged 60 and older, with the rates of the condition increasing with age1. The main symptom of sarcopenia is muscle weakness, which can significantly impact the quality of life by reducing the ability to perform daily tasks1. 

To avoid or slow down the progression of sarcopenia, it's recommended to lead an active lifestyle and incorporate regular strength training into your routine. Additionally, maintaining a healthy diet that includes high-quality proteins can help preserve muscle mass and support muscle growth2. 

As for how much muscle is lost with the passage of time, after middle age, adults lose about 3% of their muscle strength every year, on average2. This loss of muscle strength can limit the ability to perform many routine activities and can also shorten life expectancy compared to individuals with normal muscle strength2. It's important to note that while some causes of sarcopenia are a natural consequence of aging, others are preventable, and a healthy diet and regular exercise can reverse sarcopenia, increasing lifespan and quality of life2. 

In terms of specific numbers, researchers estimate that generally, those between ages 60 and 70 have lost about 12% of their muscle mass, with those over 80 having lost 30%7. However, these rates can vary, and factors such as physical activity levels and diet can influence the rate of muscle loss. Strength training and proper nutrition are key strategies to preserve muscle mass and strength as we age568. 


Saturday, April 6, 2024

Privacy in cars has become nightmare


People often think of their cars as private spaces,  but modern cars collect a lot of information  about them .This data  could be used for monitoring. Let's look at the scary truth about car privacy.

The Data Goldmine

Big car companies have been collecting information about their customers, like how they drive, what they look like, and even where they usually go. This huge collection of data shows a lot about who you are, where you go, and how you live.

The Illusion of Privacy

It has been found that car brands' privacy policies are surprisingly lax, which means that this information could be shared with other people. Imagine that your car was telling everyone about your life without you even knowing it.

Your Data Up For Sale

Surprisingly, most car companies say they might sell your personal information. This lack of openness is a clear breach of privacy for customers.

Privacy4Cars: A Beacon of Hope

Privacy4Cars is a brave new project that is stepping up to deal with this problem. They give the automobile ecosystem the tools it needs to delete personal information from cars quickly, securely, and at a low cost.  Through proactive data rights management, their goal is to lower their risk of liability, meet legal requirements, and make customers happier in general.


The Failing Privacy Report Card

Mozilla recently did an alarming test of 25 big car brands and found that all of them failed to protect customer privacy. It's clear that the cars we love have turned into a privacy nightmare.

Most (84%) share or sell your data

It’s bad enough for the behemoth corporations that own the car brands to have all that personal information in their possession, to use for their own research, marketing, or the ultra-vague “business purposes.” But then, most (84%) of the car brands we researched say they can share your personal data -- with service providers, data brokers, and other businesses we know little or nothing about. Worse, nineteen (76%) say they can sell your personal data.



When you get in your car next time, keep in mind that it's not just a way to get around; it's also a place full of data where your privacy is always at risk. We need to hold automakers accountable for their actions and push for stricter rules on data privacy in the business.

Friday, April 5, 2024

The protests, boycotts, and chants in the streets have not changed a single thing for the Palestinians on the ground in Palestine

 This is a complex issue with no easy answers, and the assessment you've provided presents a viewpoint with both valid points and oversimplifications.

What's true in the assessment:

  • Limited Impact: It's undeniable that traditional tactics of protests, boycotts, and vocal condemnation have had limited success in significantly altering the realities of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
  • Israeli Power Asymmetry: The power imbalance between Israel and the Palestinians is substantial. Israel holds significant military and economic advantages, and ultimately controls much of the situation on the ground.
  • The Need for New Strategies: The persistence of the conflict for this long, tragically highlights the need for innovative and potentially more effective approaches to achieve a just resolution.

Where the assessment oversimplifies:

  • Palestinian Agency: While acknowledging the power imbalance, it's important not to dismiss Palestinian agency entirely. Protests and international pressure do have some impact, keeping the issue in global discourse and occasionally influencing policy decisions.
  • Complexity of the Conflict: The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is rooted in deep historical narratives, complex security concerns, and competing claims. There's no single solution, and dismissing all current approaches as entirely ineffective ignores the nuanced nature of the struggle.
  • Diversity of Voices: Both within the Palestinian community and among pro-Palestinian supporters, there's a wide range of opinions and strategies. Painting everyone with the same broad brush is inaccurate.

The Path Forward:

Acknowledging the limitations of past approaches is crucial, but so is recognizing that completely abandoning forms of protest and international pressure is unlikely to be the answer. The path forward likely involves:

  • Shift in Focus: While continuing to advocate for Palestinian rights, a shift towards strategies that build leverage and address power imbalances might be more fruitful. This could involve economic pressure, targeted sanctions, stronger legal challenges, etc.
  • Palestinian Unity: A unified Palestinian voice with a clear and cohesive set of achievable goals is vital for any progress to be made.
  • International Pressure: Sustained and coordinated international pressure on Israel to respect Palestinian rights and seek a just solution remains important.
  • Changing Narratives: Challenging the dominant narratives that perpetuate the conflict is essential. This involves promoting understanding of the complexities on both sides while working towards a narrative that fosters coexistence.


The assessment highlights a real frustration in the face of an intractable conflict. It's correct in urging exploration of new strategies. However, a realistic solution probably lies in evolving the existing approaches, building stronger coalitions, and finding ways to create leverage, rather than entirely abandoning every current form of advocacy.

Monday, April 1, 2024

Night blindness, also known as nyctalopia, refers to difficulty seeing in the dark or at night.

 Night blindness, also known as nyctalopia, refers to difficulty seeing in the dark or at night. While the term might imply complete blindness in darkness, it actually means having more trouble seeing or driving in low-light conditions. Let's explore the causes and treatment options for night blindness: 

  1. Causes of Night Blindness: 

  • Nearsightedness (Myopia): Blurred vision when looking at distant objects can contribute to night blindness. 

  • Cataracts: Clouding of the eye's lens can lead to poor vision, especially in dim light. 

  • Retinitis Pigmentosa: This condition occurs when dark pigment accumulates in the retina, causing tunnel vision. 

  • Usher Syndrome: A genetic disorder affecting both hearing and vision. 

  • Vitamin A Deficiency: Vitamin A (retinol) plays a crucial role in transforming nerve impulses into images in the retina. Insufficient vitamin A can lead to night blindness. 

  • High Blood Glucose (Diabetes): Individuals with diabetes have a higher risk of developing eye diseases, including cataracts, which can contribute to night blindness. 

  1. Treatment Options: 

  • Corrective Lenses: If night blindness is caused by nearsightedness or refractive errors, eyeglasses or contact lenses can improve vision both during the day and at night. 

  • Vitamin A Supplementation: Increasing vitamin A intake may be recommended to support eye health. 

  • Managing Underlying Conditions: For cases related to eye diseases (such as retinitis pigmentosa), treatment focuses on managing symptoms and slowing disease progression. 

Remember to consult your eye doctor to determine the specific cause of your night blindness. They can guide you toward the most appropriate treatment based on your individual situation1.. 


What does German citizenship mean? |

  West Germany in May 1949 laid the groundwork for the unified Germany we know today. Following the Second World War, the Basic Law was esta...