Wednesday, February 21, 2024

Why does new a born sleep most of the time?

 Here's why newborns sleep so much:

Rapid Development:

  • Brain Growth: A newborn's brain is undergoing incredible development. Sleep facilitates the crucial formation of new connections and pathways in the brain, supporting learning
  • Physical Growth: Just like their brains, a newborn's body is experiencing rapid growth. Sleep provides the rest needed for building tissue and cells and allows for the release of growth hormones.

Small Stomachs:

  • Frequent Feedings: Newborns have very tiny stomachs that can only hold a small amount of breast milk or formula. Due to this, they wake up frequently to feed, even at night.

Immature Circadian Rhythm:

  • No Sense of Day/Night: A baby's circadian rhythm, the internal clock that regulates sleep-wake cycles, is not yet developed. So, they don't distinguish between day and night, leading to sleep scattered throughout the day.

Rest and Recovery:

  • Adapting to the World: Exiting the womb and adjusting to the outside world is a tiring and overstimulating experience for newborns. Sleep helps them process all the new sights, sounds, and sensations.

How Much Sleep is Normal?

Newborns generally sleep between 14-17 hours within a 24-hour period, however, their sleep patterns are usually broken up into short bursts rather than extended chunks.

Note: If you're worried that your newborn is sleeping too much or too little, or you notice other concerning symptoms, always consult your pediatrician.

The new viral infection 'adeno in Karachi . What are the symptoms? How can I protect myself?

 What are adenoviruses?

  • Adenoviruses are a group of common viruses causing various illnesses.
  • They primarily target the respiratory system, but can also affect the eyes, stomach, and intestines.
  • Infections are common, especially in children.

Symptoms of adenovirus infections

Symptoms vary depending on the type of adenovirus and the area of the body infected. Common symptoms include:

  • Respiratory: Cold-like symptoms (runny nose, cough, sore throat), fever, bronchitis, pneumonia.
  • Eyes: Pink eye (conjunctivitis).
  • Stomach/Intestines: Diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain.
  • Others: Bladder inflammation, fever.

How to protect yourself

Adenoviruses are highly contagious. Here's how to minimize your risk:

  1. Wash your hands frequently: Use soap and warm water, scrubbing for at least 20 seconds. Alcohol-based hand sanitizer is an alternative when soap and water aren't available.
  2. Avoid touching your face: Especially your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  3. Clean and disinfect surfaces: Disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces in your home, workplace, and schools.
  4. Cover coughs and sneezes: Use a tissue or cough into your elbow to prevent the spread of droplets.
  5. Stay home when sick: Avoid spreading the virus to others.
  6. Vaccination: There are adenovirus vaccines available for military personnel, but not for the general public.

Important Notes:

  • Most adenovirus infections are mild and go away on their own within a few days to a week.
  • Severe infections are more likely in people with weakened immune systems or underlying lung or heart conditions.
  • There's a possible link between adenovirus and a recent outbreak of hepatitis in children, but this is still under investigation.

If you have concerns or if your symptoms worsen, please consult your doctor.

Sunday, February 18, 2024

The Rise Of Dumb Phones. What are the causes? What are people switching to dumb phones

 The Netherlands, traditionally known for its liberal policies and open society, has seen a noticeable shift towards far-right politics in recent years. This turn can be attributed to a confluence of factors that resonate with a significant portion of the Dutch population. Understanding this shift requires an examination of social, economic, and political contexts that have contributed to the rise of far-right parties.

Social Integration and Immigration Concerns

One of the primary drivers behind the rise of the far-right in the Netherlands is the issue of immigration and the integration of migrants into Dutch society. The Netherlands has been a destination for migrants for decades, but the recent influx, particularly from Muslim-majority countries, has sparked debates on social integration, cultural identity, and security. Far-right parties, such as Geert Wilders' Party for Freedom (PVV), have capitalized on these concerns, advocating for stricter immigration controls and questioning the compatibility of Islam with Dutch liberal values. Their narrative often links immigration to increased crime rates and social unrest, appealing to voters who feel their cultural identity is under threat.

Economic Uncertainties

Economic factors also play a significant role. While the Netherlands is one of the more affluent countries in Europe, economic downturns, job insecurity, and concerns over the welfare state's sustainability have made some of the electorate more receptive to far-right messages. These parties often promise to prioritize native Dutch citizens over immigrants in employment, social benefits, and housing, tapping into fears of economic displacement.

Skepticism Towards the EU

The growing skepticism towards the European Union (EU) and its influence on Dutch sovereignty is another factor contributing to the far-right's appeal. Parties like the Forum for Democracy (FvD) have criticized the EU for undermining national autonomy, particularly in areas of immigration policy, law, and regulations. This euroscepticism aligns with a broader populist wave across Europe, where voters are attracted to narratives emphasizing national sovereignty and control.

Political Disenchantment

Finally, a broader disenchantment with traditional politics and elites has fueled the far-right's rise. Many voters feel neglected by the mainstream parties, perceiving them as out of touch with ordinary people's concerns. The far-right has been successful in positioning itself as an alternative to the "establishment," promising to shake up the status quo and directly address voters' grievances.


The Netherlands' shift towards the far-right is not an isolated phenomenon but part of a broader trend across Europe, where concerns about immigration, national identity, economic security, and disillusionment with traditional politics have propelled populist and far-right parties to prominence. Understanding this shift requires a nuanced analysis that considers the complex interplay of social, economic, and political factors that resonate with voters' concerns and aspirations.

Friday, February 16, 2024

How dangerous are instant noodles?

 Here's a breakdown of the potential dangers of instant noodles and the different regulatory perspectives:

Hong Kong Consumer Watchdog Findings

  • Potential Carcinogens: Nearly 90% of tested instant noodles contained substances that might be carcinogenic (cancer-causing). It's important to note that these were present in trace amounts, and their long-term impact on health requires further research.

  • Excessive Sodium: All samples exceeded the recommended sodium intake per meal for adults. High sodium intake is linked to health issues like high blood pressure and heart disease.

  • High Saturated Fat: Around half of the samples contained saturated fat content above the recommended intake per meal. Excessive saturated fat intake increases the risk of heart-related problems.

What do European and US watchdogs say?

Both the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) acknowledge that instant noodles fall into the category of processed foods. Here's their general guidance:

  • Moderation is Key: Instant noodles shouldn't be a staple of your diet. They are typically low in essential nutrients and should be consumed occasionally.

  • Sodium Concerns: Like the Hong Kong findings, European and US agencies warned about the high sodium content. It's crucial to monitor your overall sodium intake when consuming instant noodles.

  • Ingredient Awareness: Some instant noodles can contain additives like MSG (monosodium glutamate) and preservatives. If you have concerns about specific ingredients, carefully check the labels.

Making Healthier Choices

If you enjoy instant noodles, here are ways to make them a healthier option:

  • Portion Control: Stick to smaller portion sizes.

  • Add Nutrition: Include fresh vegetables, lean protein like eggs or chicken, and low-sodium flavorings to boost nutritional value.

  • Skip the Soup Base: The soup base packets generally contain most of the sodium. Explore lower-sodium broths or make your own seasoning mix.

  • Balance Your Diet: Ensure instant noodles are a small part of a healthy, balanced diet overall.

In conclusion

Instant noodles aren't the most nutritious food, but they are generally considered safe in moderation. The main concerns, as highlighted by various consumer watchdogs, are the high sodium, saturated fat, and potential presence of trace contaminants. Making mindful choices and balancing them with a healthy diet will minimize any health risks.

Thursday, February 15, 2024

Most talented players are bad team players. why is that ?

It's a thought-provoking topic to delve into why some of the most talented players can sometimes be seen as bad team players. This phenomenon, observed across various team sports and group activities, can be attributed to several psychological and social factors.At the core, the disparity often lies in the difference between individual brilliance and team synergy. Talented individuals might excel in their skills, whether it's scoring goals, making strategic plays, or showcasing exceptional prowess in their field. However, integrating these skills into a cohesive team strategy can be challenging for several reasons.Firstly, ego and spotlight competition play significant roles. Exceptionally talented individuals are often accustomed to being in the limelight, receiving praise for their individual achievements. This can sometimes lead to ego clashes within a team, where the collective goal should ideally outweigh individual accolades. When the focus shifts from 'we' to 'me', the fabric of team unity starts to unravel.Communication gaps also contribute to talented players being seen as poor team players. Effective teamwork is built on strong communication, where strategies, feedback, and constructive criticism flow freely. Talented individuals might struggle with this aspect, either by not listening to team inputs or failing to communicate their strategies effectively, leading to misunderstandings and friction within the team.Differences in skill levels within a team can further exacerbate the situation. Talented players might become impatient or frustrated with teammates who don't match their skill level, leading to a breakdown in teamwork. This can result in a lack of support for less skilled team members, creating an environment where collaboration suffers.Moreover, the pressure to perform can be immense on talented individuals, making them more focused on their performance rather than the team's success. This pressure can stem from personal ambitions, external expectations, or the burden of being seen as the key to the team's success. When the focus is too heavily on individual performance, it can detract from the collective effort needed for a team to thrive.Cultural and leadership dynamics within a team also influence how talent integrates with teamwork. A culture that prioritizes star players over the team ethos can inadvertently encourage talented individuals to prioritize their success. Conversely, strong leadership and a team-first culture can help talented players channel their skills for the benefit of the team, showcasing that it's possible to blend individual brilliance with teamwork.In conclusion, while talented players bring invaluable skills to the table, fostering an environment where those skills are used synergistically within a team is crucial. It requires strong leadership, a focus on communication, and a culture that values the collective success as much as individual achievements. Through this approach, the gap between talent and teamwork can be bridged, demonstrating that with the right mindset and support, talented players can indeed be exceptional team players.

Tuesday, February 13, 2024

What is Matcha green tea? What are its benefits?


Matcha Green Tea: A Vibrant Powder with Potential Perks

Matcha is a type of green tea made from finely powdered, shade-grown tea leaves. Unlike regular green tea where you steep the leaves and discard them, with matcha, you consume the entire leaf, potentially maximizing its benefits. Its vibrant green color and slightly bitter, vegetal taste set it apart from other teas.

Here's a breakdown of its potential benefits:

High in Antioxidants:

  • Matcha boasts a powerful antioxidant called epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) which may help protect cells from damage and reduce the risk of chronic diseases like cancer and heart disease.
  • Studies suggest EGCG may also offer benefits for brain health, potentially improving memory and focus.

Energy boost:

  • While containing less caffeine than coffee, matcha provides a sustained energy boost thanks to a unique combination of caffeine and the amino acid L-theanine. L-theanine promotes relaxation and focus, counteracting the jitters often associated with coffee.

Potential Weight Management Aid:

  • Some studies suggest matcha may aid in weight management by boosting metabolism and increasing fat burning. However, further research is needed to confirm these effects.

Other Potential Benefits:

  • May support liver health
  • May promote relaxation and reduce stress
  • May boost the immune system

Important note:

While matcha offers potential benefits, it's crucial to remember:

  • More research is needed to fully understand and confirm all its health claims.
  • Matcha can contain varying levels of caffeine, so be mindful of your intake if sensitive to caffeine.
  • Some concerns exist about potential contaminants like lead or mercury, so choose reputable brands with proper testing procedures.

Enjoying Matcha:

  • Traditionally, matcha is whisked with hot water to create a frothy beverage.
  • You can also find it in lattes, smoothies, baked goods, and even skincare products.

Remember: Consult your doctor before incorporating matcha into your routine, especially if you have any health concerns or are taking medications.

If you're interested in trying matcha, explore different brands and brewing methods to find what suits your taste and preferences. And as always, consult your doctor before making any significant changes to your diet or lifestyle.

Sunday, February 11, 2024

What is the plight of Kurdish asylum seekers in Germany ?

The plight of Kurdish asylum seekers in Germany can vary depending on individual circumstances, but there are some common challenges and issues they may face:

1. Language and cultural barriers: Kurdish asylum seekers often face difficulties in communicating and integrating into German society due to language barriers and cultural differences. This can hinder their access to services, employment opportunities, and social integration.

2. Discrimination and xenophobia: Like many other asylum seekers, Kurds may face discrimination and xenophobia in Germany. They may be subjected to prejudice, stereotypes, and even hate crimes, which can negatively impact their well-being and sense of security.

3. Lengthy asylum process: The asylum process in Germany can be lengthy and complex, leading to prolonged uncertainty for Kurdish asylum seekers. This can result in psychological stress and anxiety as they await a decision on their asylum application.

4. Limited access to healthcare and education: Kurdish asylum seekers may encounter challenges in accessing healthcare and education services. Limited language skills, lack of awareness about available services, and bureaucratic hurdles can hinder their access to these essential services.

5. Separation from family members: Many Kurdish asylum seekers have had to leave their families behind and may face challenges in reuniting with them due to strict immigration policies. This separation can cause emotional distress and feelings of isolation.

It is important to note that while these challenges exist, the German government and various non-governmental organizations are working to provide support and assistance to asylum seekers, including Kurds, to ensure their well-being and successful integration into society.

Hatred and love exist as opposing emotions, just like hatred and happiness. During periods of hatred, we block love within ourselves. What should we do?

 Hatred and love really are at different ends of the emotional spectrum. They show the most extremes of how people feel. When hate takes hold, it can make it hard to feel love, both for other people and for ourselves. This emotional blockage can make us feel bad all the time, which is bad for our mental health, relationships, and general health. What can we do to get through times of hate and make room for love and happiness again?

Recognizing that hate exists is the first and most important step. It's a normal feeling, but understanding it helps us figure out where it comes from and what makes it happen. This understanding is what makes empathy possible, for both ourselves and others. We need to think about why we feel this way. Is it because of a response to a certain event, a buildup of anger, or a reflection of inner fears or insecurities?

It's helpful to think about yourself. It helps to understand that most of the time, our hate comes from being hurt, scared, or not understanding something. We can start to take down the walls we've built around our hearts by dealing with these deeper problems. This kind of self-exploration can be helped by writing in a diary or talking to a therapist, who can help us understand our emotional patterns and how to break them.

Communication is also very important. Being open and honest about our feelings, worries, and needs, and also listening to others, can help heal wounds and close gaps. To have these kinds of talks, you should be ready to understand and be understood, not to win or convince. This method can help people find things they have in common and accept each other, even if they disagree.

It's very important to practice understanding and forgiveness. Empathy helps us see the humanity in everyone, even people we don't agree with or even hate. Forgiveness, on the other hand, doesn't mean agreeing with hurtful acts; it means letting go of how they make us feel. It's more of a gift to ourselves than to the people who have hurt us.

Last but not least, doing acts of kindness and love can bring us back to life. These actions don't have to be big; small acts of kindness can send good vibes out into the world. Love and happiness are habits that get stronger the more we show them and the more they affect the way we treat others.

In the end, getting rid of hate and promoting love is a path that never ends and needs patience, understanding, and kindness. Every day, we can choose to think about what brings us together instead of what strikes us as different. We not only make our own lives better, but we also help make the world a better place for everyone.

Saturday, February 10, 2024

Islamophobia in South Korea? Why are koreans against Islam and Muslims?

 Islamophobia, defined as prejudice against, hatred towards, or fear of the religion of Islam or Muslims, can manifest in various contexts around the world, including in countries with relatively small Muslim populations such as South Korea. Understanding the presence and causes of Islamophobia in South Korea requires examining the country's social, cultural, and historical context.

South Korea is predominantly a non-Muslim country, with the majority of its population adhering to Christianity, Buddhism, or having no religious affiliation. The Muslim community in South Korea is relatively small, consisting of both native Koreans and foreign workers, students, and migrants from Muslim-majority countries. Despite the presence of a peaceful and cooperative relationship between different religious groups in the country, instances of misunderstanding, prejudice, and Islamophobia have been reported, influenced by several factors:

  1. Global Media Influence: As in many other parts of the world, the global media's portrayal of Islam and Muslims can significantly influence public perception. Negative news coverage related to terrorism, conflicts, and extremism associated with groups claiming to represent Islam can contribute to a skewed and fearful understanding of the religion and its followers.

  2. Cultural Differences: South Korea is a relatively homogenous society with strong cultural norms and values. The introduction of different cultural and religious practices, especially those that are not widely understood or seen as significantly different, can sometimes lead to discomfort or prejudice.

  3. Lack of Familiarity: The small size of the Muslim community in South Korea means that many Koreans may not have direct personal experiences with Muslims or Islam. This lack of familiarity can lead to misunderstandings and stereotypes gaining traction.

  4. Social Media and Online Discourse: Misinformation and negative stereotypes about Muslims and Islam can spread quickly on social media and online platforms, exacerbating fears and prejudices without providing accurate or balanced information.

  5. Security Concerns: As in many countries, concerns over global security and the threat of terrorism—often unfairly associated with Islam—can contribute to Islamophobic sentiments among the public.

It's important to note that while these factors can contribute to Islamophobia, they do not represent the views or attitudes of all South Koreans. There are many in South Korea who work towards promoting interfaith dialogue, understanding, and cooperation. The South Korean government and various non-profit organizations have also been active in promoting cultural exchange and understanding between Muslims and the broader South Korean society.

Efforts to combat Islamophobia in South Korea and elsewhere typically focus on education, interfaith dialogue, and policies aimed at promoting inclusion and preventing discrimination. Addressing Islamophobia effectively requires a nuanced understanding of its causes and a commitment to fostering a society where diversity is respected and valued.

Yezidis are ethno religious group one of world oldest religions. Why are they against Islam?

 The Yezidis, also called Yazidis, are a religious and ethnic group that lives mostly in northern Iraq. There are also villages in Syria and Turkey, and there are Yezidis living in many other countries. The Yazidis' religion, which includes parts of Zoroastrianism, Islam, Christianity, and other Mesopotamian religions, is one of the oldest religions that people still follow today. Melek Taus, the Peacock Angel, is the most important person in their faith. They see him as a link between God and people.

There are problems between the Yezidis and their Muslim neighbors, as well as with other religious and racial groups. These problems have roots in religion, society, and history. People in other areas have often misread and even hated the Yezidis because of their unique beliefs. Some Muslim and non-Muslim groups have wrongly accused them of worshiping the devil because they respect Melek Taus. This has caused them to be shunned and persecuted.

Yezidis have been repressed, persecuted, and targeted for violence many times over the ages. This includes killings, forced conversions, and other violent acts meant to wipe out their faith and society. The most recent and well-known case of this kind of abuse happened in 2014, when the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) went after the Yezidi group in Sinjar, Iraq. Thousands of Yezidi men were killed by ISIS militants, and thousands of women and children were taken hostage and raped or made to become Muslims. The United Nations has said that this cruel effort against the Yezidis is a genocide.

Some Islamic groups are hostile toward the Yezidis, but this isn't because of what Islam actually teaches. Instead, it's because groups like ISIS have taken the religion to extreme and wrong places. Extremist groups have tried to use a radical philosophy that is very different from mainstream Islamic beliefs and practices to explain why they are persecuting the Yezidis and other minority groups.

The Yezidis have been persecuted and hurt by many groups over many ages. This shows how hard it is for them to keep their faith and community alive. It also brings up the bigger problem of religious and racial hatred in the area and how important it is for the whole world to know about and help protect minorities who are at risk.

Why does new a born sleep most of the time?

  Here's why newborns sleep so much: Rapid Development: Brain Growth:  A newborn's brain is undergoing incredible development. Sleep...