Saturday, September 16, 2023

Participants and Business Roles Definitions in MX Standards

 

Debtor

Party that owes an amount of money to the (ultimate) creditor. In the context of the payment model, the debtor is also the debit account owner.

Creditor

Party to which an amount of money is due. In the context of the payment model, the creditor is also the credit account owner.

Ultimate Debtor

Ultimate party that owes an amount of money to the (ultimate) creditor.

Ultimate Creditor

Ultimate party to which an amount of money is due.

Debtor Agent

Financial institution servicing an account for the debtor.

Creditor Agent

Financial institution servicing an account for the creditor.

Forwarding Agent

Financial institution that receives the instruction from the initiating party and forwards it to the next agent in the payment chain for execution.

Initiating Party

Party initiating the payment to an agent. In the payment context, this can either be the debtor (in a credit transfer), the creditor (in a direct debit), or a party that initiates the payment on behalf of the debtor or creditor.

Account Owner

Party that legally owns the account.

Account Servicer

Party that manages the account on behalf of the account owner, that is manages the registration and booking of entries on the account, calculates balances on the account and provides information about the account.

Payment Clearing Agent (Instructing Agent)

Agent that instructs the next party in the payment chain to carry out the payment/instruction.

Payment Settlement Agent (Instructed Agent)

Agent that executes the instruction upon the request of the previous party in the chain (either an agreement party, or a clearing agent).

Intermediary Agent

Agent between the debtor's agent and the creditor's agent. There can be several intermediary agents specified for the execution of a payment.

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