Muslims interpret the Quran's references to Jews in various ways, and there are different schools of thought on the matter. However, it is important to note that Islam requires Muslims to respect people of all faiths, including Jews, and regards them as one of the groups of people described as 'People of the Book'.
Jews are also respected in Islam and Islamic communities. When the Prophet traveled to Madinah and was made Head of the State, he made a treaty with the Jews based completely on fairness and equal opportunities. Some Muslims view the Quran's references to Jews as historical accounts of events that took place at the time of the Prophet, while others view them as general statements about the Jewish people. However, some Muslim scholars have developed a new Islamic “theology of the Jews” that presents Jews as a unitary, undifferentiated collective and demonizes them.
This new pejorative “theology of the Jews” has been virtually unchallenged and is based on three interlocking trends: an abandonment of the longstanding Islamic principle of non-differentiation between non-Islamic “Divine” faiths, an amplification of the negative aspects of Jewish history , and a selective and tendentious reading of the Qur'an