Numerous risk factors are crucial in the emergence of a bladder infection, in addition to the pathogens that actually cause it.
Urinary retention and residual urine
Urinary retention and leftover urine in the bladder can result from bladder or kidney stones, foreign objects, an enlarged prostate, anatomical malformations, tumors, or bladder dysfunction. This creates optimal conditions for bacteria to settle in the bladder and cause inflammation of the bladder lining.
Weakened immune system
The immune system is weakened due to hypothermia, which can lead to a bladder infection. Antibiotics can also weaken the immune system, making it more difficult to fight off pathogens.
Bladder infections caused by stress
Anyone who is frequently stressed has a weakened immune system. If germs nest in the lower urinary tract, fighting them becomes more difficult, and a bladder infection can result.
Diabetes patients' urine often contains a higher percentage of sugar, which is ideal for bacteria because it allows them to settle and multiply more easily. Diabetes patients frequently have bladder dysfunction, resulting in residual urine in the bladder.
People who engage in a lot of sexual activity are more likely to get a bladder infection (so-called honeymoon cystitis). Mechanical friction of the penis irritates the vaginal mucosa. Furthermore, when switching from anal to vaginal intercourse, bacteria can be transported directly into the vagina, making pathogens particularly easy to cause inflammation.
Special contraception methods, such as diaphragms or spermicides (sperm-killing agents), promote cystitis development.
Permanent catheters irritate the bladder mucous membranes and can direct bacteria directly into the bladder.
incorrect wiping technique
Any bacteria in the stool are also transported in the direction of the vagina if the wiping movement with the toilet paper after a bowel movement is carried out from the anus to the vagina. The path to the urethral entrance is usually not difficult.
Excessive intimate hygiene
Anyone who excessively cleans their intimate area, for example, with soap, may cause dry vaginal mucosa and a change in the pH value of the vaginal flora. Cystitis pathogens are more difficult to fight off if the vaginal flora is disturbed and there is a lack of important lactobacilli (lactic acid bacteria), for example.
Menstruation, puberty, menopause, and pregnancy all cause hormonal changes. This can also disrupt the vaginal flora, making it less effective in its natural anti-germ function.
Furthermore, because the urinary tract is less well flushed and fewer germs are transported out of the body with the urine, drinking too little promotes a urinary tract infection.
A poor diet high in fat and sugar may also be linked to cystitis. Because this not only weakens the immune system but also provides ideal conditions for pathogens.