EU migration reform is a set of proposals by the European Commission to reform the EU's asylum and migration rules. The proposals were announced in September 2020, and are still being negotiated by the EU's member states.
The main goals of the reform are to:
- Create a more efficient and fair asylum system. This would involve creating a single asylum procedure across the EU, and making it easier for asylum seekers to move between member states.
- Reduce the number of irregular migrants entering the EU. This would involve strengthening border controls and cooperation with third countries.
- Provide better support for refugees and asylum seekers. This would involve improving access to housing, healthcare, and education.
The reform has been met with mixed reactions from EU member states. Some countries, such as Germany and France, have welcomed the proposals, while others, such as Hungary and Poland, have been more critical.
It is still too early to say whether the reform will be successful. However, it is clear that the EU needs to find a way to manage migration more effectively in the years to come.
Here are some of the key elements of the EU migration reform:
- Resettlement: The EU would establish a permanent resettlement framework, which would allow for the resettlement of refugees from third countries.
- Solidarity: Member states would be required to share responsibility for asylum seekers and refugees, with a focus on those who are most vulnerable.
- Border management: The EU would strengthen its border management, including through the use of new technologies.
- Return: The EU would work to ensure that irregular migrants are returned to their countries of origin or transit.
- Funding: The EU would provide funding to support the reform, including for the resettlement of refugees and the strengthening of border management.
The EU migration reform is a complex and challenging issue. However, it is an important one, as the EU needs to find a way to manage migration more effectively in the years to come.