Monday, July 10, 2023

How Gestational Diabetes Affects the Baby?

 Gestational diabetes can have several effects on the baby during pregnancy and after birth. Some of the potential risks and complications for the baby include:

  1. Excessive birth weight: High blood sugar levels in the mother can cause the baby to grow too large, which can make delivery more difficult
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  2. Premature birth: Gestational diabetes can increase the risk of the baby being born early, which can cause breathing and other problems
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  3. Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia): Infants born to mothers with gestational diabetes may have low blood sugar levels shortly after birth, which can cause irritability, excessive fatigue, and, in severe cases, seizures
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  4. Breathing problems: Babies born to mothers with gestational diabetes may experience respiratory distress syndrome due to insufficient surfactant in their lungs
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  5. Jaundice: Gestational diabetes can increase the risk of the baby developing jaundice, a condition in which the baby's liver isn't fully developed or isn't working well, causing the baby's eyes and skin to appear yellow
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  6. Increased risk of developing diabetes later in life: Infants of parents with gestational diabetes have an increased chance of developing diabetes later in life, which is thought to be caused by both genetics and diabetes management during pregnancy
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It is important to note that most women with gestational diabetes can have healthy pregnancies and healthy babies if they receive proper treatment and management
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 Regular prenatal care and monitoring of blood sugar levels can help minimize the risks and complications associated with gestational diabetes.

Citations:
[1] https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/gestational.html
[2] https://diabetes.org/diabetes/gestational-diabetes/how-will-this-impact-my-baby
[3] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gestational-diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20355339
[4] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK582729/
[5] https://www.marchofdimes.org/find-support/topics/pregnancy/gestational-diabetes
[6] https://www.evms.edu/patient_care/specialties/maternal_fetal_medicine/services/diabetes_in_pregnancy_program/effects_of_diabetes_on_the_baby/
[7] https://www.news-medical.net/health/How-does-gestational-diabetes-affect-the-baby.aspx
[8] https://www.webmd.com/baby/gestational-diabetes-you
[9] https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/diabetes/gestational-diabetes

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