Friday, July 14, 2023

what are the risk factors for developing primary bone cancer?

 Primary bone cancer is a rare type of cancer that begins in the bones. While the exact cause of primary bone cancer is unknown, there are some factors that may increase a person's risk of developing it. Here are some of the known risk factors:


- Previous radiation therapy or chemotherapy: People who have had radiation therapy or chemotherapy for other conditions, including other types of cancer, are at a higher risk of developing bone cancer[1][3][7][8].

- Certain genetic diseases or rare cancers: People with certain genetic diseases or rare cancers, such as hereditary retinoblastoma, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Rothmund-Thomson syndrome, multiple exostoses syndrome, and tuberous sclerosis, have an increased risk of developing bone cancer[1 ][8][9].

- Paget disease of the bone: Paget disease of the bone is a noncancerous condition that is marked by abnormal development of new bone tissue. Adults with Paget's disease may be at increased risk for osteosarcoma[8].

- Having certain types of bone or cartilage tumors: Having certain types of benign (non-cancerous) bone tumors, such as enchondroma or osteochondroma, can increase a person's risk of developing chondrosarcoma[3][7].

- Bone marrow transplant: People who have had a bone marrow transplant are at a higher risk of developing bone cancer[1].


It's important to note that having one or more of these risk factors does not mean that a person will definitely develop bone cancer. Most people who receive a bone cancer diagnosis don't have any known risk factors[5].


Remember, primary bone cancer is rare, and most bone pain is not related to cancer. However, if you're concerned about your symptoms or risk factors, it's always best to talk to your doctor. Early diagnosis significantly improves outcomes, so don't hesitate to seek medical advice if you're experiencing persistent pain or other affecting symptoms[5].


##References

1. University of Rochester Medical Center. Primary bone cancer: risk factors. Retrieved from https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contentid=24885-1&contenttypeid=34

2. Cancer.Net. Bone Cancer (Sarcoma of Bone): Risk Factors. Retrieved from https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/bone-cancer-sarcoma-bone/risk-factors

3. American Cancer Society. Risk Factors for Bone Cancer. Retrieved from https://www.cancer.org/cancer/types/bone-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html

4. Mayo Clinic. Bone cancer - symptoms and causes. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bone-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20350217

5. Cancer Treatment Centers of America. Bone Cancer Causes & Risk Factors: Is it Hereditary? Retrieved from https://www.cancercenter.com/cancer-types/bone-cancer/risk-factors

6. National Cancer Institute. Primary Bone Cancer. Retrieved from https://www.cancer.gov/types/bone/bone-fact-sheet

7. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Bone Cancer Risk Factors. Retrieved from https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/types/bone/risk-factors

8. NCBI Bookshelf. Primary Bone Cancer - StatPearls. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK560830/

9. Cancer Research UK. Risks and causes | bone cancer Retrieved from https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/bone-cancer/risks-causes


Citation:

[1] https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contentid=24885-1&contenttypeid=34

[2] https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/bone-cancer-sarcoma-bone/risk-factors

[3] https://www.cancer.org/cancer/types/bone-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/risk-factors.html

[4] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bone-cancer/symptoms-causes/syc-20350217

[5] https://www.cancercenter.com/cancer-types/bone-cancer/risk-factors

[6] https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/bone-cancer/risks-causes

[7] https://www.cancer.gov/types/bone/bone-fact-sheet

[8] https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/types/bone/risk-factors

[9] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK560830/

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