Arrhythmia is a condition in which the heart beats irregularly, too slowly, or too quickly. There are several risk factors that may increase the likelihood of developing arrhythmia, including:
- Coronary artery disease, other heart problems, and previous heart surgery.
- High blood pressure.
- Congenital heart disease.
- Thyroid disease.
- Obstructive sleep apnea.
- Electrolyte imbalance.
- Certain drugs and supplements.
- Excessive alcohol consumption.
Other heart diseases and conditions, such as microinfarctions and previous cardiac surgeries, congenital heart defects, and valvular heart disease, may also increase the risk of developing arrhythmia. Additionally, age is a risk factor for arrhythmia, and the prevalence of arrhythmia and atrial fibrillation (AFib) increases with age. Drinking alcohol in excess or being overweight also increases the likelihood of developing AFib. Finally, some prescription drugs and certain cough and cold medications bought without a prescription can cause arrhythmias.
In summary, there are several risk factors for developing arrhythmia, including heart disease, high blood pressure, thyroid disease, obstructive sleep apnea, electrolyte imbalance, certain drugs and supplements, excessive alcohol consumption, and age. It's important to be aware of these risk factors and to talk to your doctor about any concerns you may have.