The Rapid Support Forces (RSF) are a paramilitary force in Sudan. They were officially formed in 2013, following a restructuring and reactivation of Janjaweed militias in order to combat rebel groups in Darfur region, South Kordofan, and the Blue Nile states, following joint attacks by Sudanese Revolutionary Front rebels in North and South Kordofan in April 2013 .
The RSF are commanded by Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, also known as Hemeti, who is a former Janjaweed leader. The RSF are accused of widespread human rights abuses, including war crimes and crimes against humanity. They have been accused of killing, raping, and looting in Darfur, South Kordofan, and the Blue Nile states.
In 2019, the RSF was involved in the coup that overthrew Omar al-Bashir, the former president of Sudan. The RSF has since been integrated into the Sudanese army, but they retain their own command structure and budget.
The RSF is a powerful force in Sudan and they are seen as a threat to the country's fragile democracy. The international community has called for the RSF to be held accountable for their human rights abuses, but so far, little has been done.
Here are some of the human rights abuses that the RSF has been accused of:
- Killing civilians, including women and children
- Rape and sexual violence
- Looting and destruction of property
- Forced displacement of people
- Torture and other forms of ill-treatment
The RSF has also been accused of obstructing humanitarian access to people in need.
The human rights abuses of the RSF have been documented by a number of organizations, including the United Nations, Human Rights Watch, and Amnesty International. These organizations have called for the RSF to be held accountable for their crimes.
The international community has also condemned the human rights abuses of the RSF. The United States, the European Union, and the African Union have all called for the RSF to be disbanded.
However, so far, the Sudanese government has refused to disband the RSF. The RSF remains a powerful force in Sudan and they are seen as a threat to the country's fragile democracy.