A BusinessRole embodies a tangible or intangible entity, whether it be an individual, a collective of individuals, or a legal establishment. Examples of such entities include "Financial Institution," "Automated Clearing House," and "Central Securities Depository."
A Participant refers to a functional role that is executed by a Business Role within a specific BusinessProcess or BusinessTransaction. Some instances of Participants include the "user" of a system, as well as the "debtor," "creditor," and "investor."
The correlation between Business Roles and Participants is characterized as a many-to-many relationship. A singular Business Role may occupy various Participant positions either concurrently or at different junctures in time. Some instances of Business Roles include "user", "debtor", "creditor" and "investor". It is also feasible for distinct business roles to take part in the same position as a participant.
In the realm of Payments Clearing and Settlement, the elevated Business Roles and customary Participants can be depicted in the ensuing manner:
1.1 Participants and Business Roles Definitions
Party that owes an amount of money to the (ultimate) creditor. In the context of the payment model, the debtor is also the debit account owner.
Party to which an amount of money is due. In the context of the payment model, the creditor is also the credit account owner.
Ultimate party that owes an amount of money to the (ultimate) creditor.
Ultimate party to which an amount of money is due.
Financial institution servicing an account for the debtor.
Financial institution servicing an account for the creditor.
Financial institution that receives the instruction from the initiating party and forwards it to the next agent in the payment chain for execution.
Party initiating the payment to an agent. In the payment context, this can either be the debtor (in a credit transfer), the creditor (in a direct debit), or a party that initiates the payment on behalf of the debtor or creditor.
Party that legally owns the account.
Party that manages the account on behalf of the account owner, that is manages the registration and booking of entries on the account, calculates balances on the account and provides information about the account.
Payment Clearing Agent (Instructing Agent)
Agent that instructs the next party in the payment chain to carry out the payment/instruction.
Payment Settlement Agent (Instructed Agent)
Agent that executes the instruction upon the request of the previous party in the chain (either an agreement party, or a clearing agent).
Agent between the debtor's agent and the creditor's agent. There can be several intermediary agents specified for the execution of a payment.
Organization established primarily to provide financial services.
Specifies the system which plays a role in the clearing process.
Entity involved in a payment.