Saturday, September 2, 2023

what is the history of Dalit activism in India?

 Dalit activism in India has a long and complex history. Here are some key points from the search results:

  • Dalit social movements began earliest and gained their greatest strength in Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu
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  • Dalit political activism was assumed to have only begun in earnest in the 1970s, but it has changed decidedly over the past century
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  • The character of Dalit politics began to change in the 1960s and 1970s, when Dalit youth, many of whom were first-generation college graduates, expressed their frustration at the glacial pace of economic development and social reform
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  • The Tamil Dalit literary movement gained momentum in the 1990s, influenced by the Mandal Commission
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  • The rise of Dalit studies as a discipline can be located in the transformational political events of the 1990s in India
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Overall, Dalit activism has been driven by a desire for social equity and an end to the caste system. The movement has been influenced by a variety of factors, including political events, education, and cultural movements. Despite increased government intervention, discrimination and mistreatment of individuals of lower castes still occur, and the Dalit population continues to struggle for equality
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what are some key events in the history of Dalit activism in India?  Here are some key events in the history of Dalit activism in India:
  • Early 20th century : Dalit social movements began earliest and gained their greatest strength in Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu
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    .
  • 1927 : The All-India Adi Hindu Conference of Dalit leaders began with a procession of 25,000 “untouchables” carrying flags bearing slogans
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  • 1933 : BR Ambedkar reserved a portion of all elected positions for Dalits and only Dalits could vote for these positions
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  • 1960s-1970s: The character of Dalit politics began to change when Dalit youth, many of whom were first-generation college graduates, expressed their frustration at the glacial pace of economic development and social reform
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  • 1972-1977 : Educated youth from the slums of Mumbai started the Dalit Panther Movement (DPM) in June 1972, inspired by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar and the US Black Panthers
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  • 1989: The Scheduled Caste and Scheduled tribe Prevention of Atrocities Act made the practice of the caste system illegal in India
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  • 1990s : The Tamil Dalit literary movement gained momentum, influenced by the Mandal Commission
    5
    .
  • 1990s : The rise of Dalit studies as a discipline can be located in the transformational political events of the 1990s in India
    3
    .
Overall, Dalit activism has been driven by a desire for social equity and an end to the caste system. The movement has been influenced by a variety of factors, including political events, education, and cultural movements. Despite increased government intervention, discrimination and mistreatment of individuals of lower castes still occur, and the Dalit population continues to struggle for equality. 

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what is the history of Dalit activism in India?

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