Unemployment benefits, also known as unemployment benefits, are payments made by authorized bodies to unemployed people in Germany. There are two types of unemployment benefits in Germany: Unemployment benefit I (Arbeitslosengeld I) and Unemployment benefit II (Arbeitslosengeld II or Hartz IV).
To qualify for Unemployment benefit I, the unemployed person must have made contributions for at least 12 months in the past 30-month period, be unemployed, and be able to work now or at least in the foreseeable future. The amount of money received is 60% of the gross income, or 67% if the person has children, and is calculated based on the average gross income of the last 12 months, including bonuses.
To qualify for Unemployment benefit II, a person has to permanently reside in Germany, be in possession of a work permit, and be fit for work, ie can mainly work at least three hours a day. The benefits are subordinated, meaning the person has to be in need (means test). The amount of money received is based on the basic needs allowance, which relates to the monthly income and expenses of the person.
Requirements for unemployment benefits in Germany:
- You must be unemployed and able to work at least 15 hours per week.
- You must have registered as unemployed at your local job center (employment agency).
- You must have met the contribution period requirement, which means that you must have paid into the unemployment insurance system for at least 12 months within the last 30 months.
- You must be actively looking for a new job.
The amount of money received is 60% of the gross income, or 67% if the person has children, and is calculated based on the average gross income of the last 12 months, including bonuses.