The issue of a skills shortage in Germany and the challenges faced by companies in finding local workers can be influenced by various factors. Here are some possible reasons:
1. Demographic changes: Germany, like many other countries, is experiencing an aging population and declining birth rates. This demographic shift has led to a shrinking labor force, making it more difficult for companies to find skilled workers locally.
2. Mismatch of skills: There may be a mismatch between the skills demanded by companies and the skills possessed by the local workforce. This can be due to changes in the job market, advancements in technology, or evolving industry requirements.
3. Education and training: The education and vocational training system in Germany is highly regarded, but it may not always align perfectly with the needs of specific industries or sectors. This can create a gap between the skills taught in educational institutions and the skills required by companies.
4. Job preferences: Some local workers may have preferences for certain types of jobs or industries, leading to a shortage of skilled workers in other sectors. Factors such as wages, working conditions, and career prospects can influence job preferences.
Regarding the question of why companies cannot get foreign workers, it is important to note that Germany has specific regulations and requirements for hiring foreign workers. These regulations aim to protect the domestic labor market and ensure that job opportunities are first offered to German and EU citizens. However, there are provisions for hiring non-EU foreign workers in certain cases, such as when there is a demonstrated shortage of skilled workers in specific sectors.
It is worth mentioning that the link you provided is to a blog post, and it is important to verify information from reliable and official sources to get a comprehensive understanding of the situation.