Fatty liver disease, also known as hepatic steatosis, is a condition characterized by the buildup of excess fat in the liver. It is a common condition, affecting up to 25% of the world's population. While fatty liver disease often develops without noticeable symptoms, there are several signs that could indicate its presence.
Here are 8 signs that could indicate fatty liver disease:
Excessive abdominal fat: Individuals carrying excess fat around their abdomen, particularly those with a waist circumference of more than 35 inches for women and 40 inches for men, are at an increased risk of developing fatty liver disease.
Unexplained fatigue or weakness: Fatty liver disease can cause persistent feelings of fatigue or weakness, even with adequate sleep and rest.
Upper abdominal pain or discomfort: Pain or discomfort in the upper right side of the abdomen, where the liver is located, can be a sign of fatty liver disease.
Elevated liver enzymes: Blood tests can detect elevated levels of liver enzymes, such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), which may indicate liver inflammation or damage associated with fatty liver disease.
Insulin resistance: Insulin resistance, a condition where the body becomes less responsive to insulin, is a major risk factor for fatty liver disease. It often occurs simultaneously with other risk factors such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure.
High cholesterol and triglycerides: High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood can contribute to the development of fatty liver disease.
Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice): In severe cases of fatty liver disease, jaundice may occur, causing the skin and eyes to appear yellow due to a buildup of bilirubin, a waste product produced by the liver.
Enlarged spleen: The spleen, an organ that helps the body fight infections and filter blood, may enlarge in individuals with advanced fatty liver disease.
It is important to note that these signs can also be caused by other conditions, so it is crucial to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. Addressing risk factors such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure can help prevent or manage fatty liver disease and its complications.