Tuesday, May 16, 2023

Renal colic : symptoms and treatment. When to go to the hospital?

 Renal colic is a sharp pain in the back or side caused by a kidney stone passing through the urinary tract. The pain is frequently described as sharp, stabbing, and coming in waves. Other signs of renal colic include:

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Fever

  • Chills

  • Blood in the urine

  • Pain or difficulty urinating

  • Cloudy or foul-smelling urine

If you suspect that you have renal colic, you should see a doctor right away. Renal colic may indicate a serious underlying condition, such as a kidney infection or urinary tract obstruction.

To diagnose renal colic, your physician will conduct a physical examination and ask about your symptoms. Your doctor may also order blood tests and imaging tests, such as an X-ray or CT scan.

Renal colic does not have a specific treatment. Typically, treatment focuses on relieving pain and preventing complications. Prescription or over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, may be used to alleviate discomfort. In certain instances, your physician may recommend surgical removal of the kidney stone.

When suffering from renal colic, it is essential to stay hydrated. Consume copious amounts of fluids, such as water, juice, and clear broth. This will aid in eliminating the kidney stone from your system.

Additionally, you should avoid strenuous activity, as this can exacerbate the pain. Inform your doctor if you experience any additional symptoms, including fever, chills, or blood in your urine.

Here are some tips to help you prevent renal colic:

  • Drink plenty of fluids, especially water.

  • Eat a healthy diet that is low in sodium and animal protein.

  • Maintain a healthy weight.

  • Exercise regularly.

  • If you have a family history of kidney stones, talk to your doctor about ways to reduce your risk.

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