Yes, France occupied Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia, and harshly treated people in these countries.
- Algeria: France invaded Algeria in 1830 and ruled it as a colony for over 130 years. During this time, the French government implemented a number of policies that discriminated against Algerians, including denying them citizenship, forcibly relocating them from their land, and banning their language and culture. The French also used violence to suppress Algerian resistance, and the Algerian War of Independence (1954-1962) was a particularly bloody conflict.
- Morocco: France established a protectorate over Morocco in 1912. This meant that Morocco retained its own government, but France had control over its foreign affairs and military. The French also imposed a number of economic policies that benefited French businesses and investors, and Moroccans were often denied access to good jobs and education.
- Tunisia: France established a protectorate over Tunisia in 1881. This protectorate was similar to the one in Morocco, and the French also imposed a number of economic policies that benefited French businesses and investors. Tunisians were also often denied access to good jobs and education.
The harsh treatment of Algerians, Moroccans, and Tunisians by the French government led to widespread resentment and anger. This resentment eventually boiled over into armed resistance, and the French were eventually forced to withdraw from all three countries.
The legacy of French colonialism in Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia continues to be felt today. Many Algerians, Moroccans, and Tunisians still feel that they have not been fully compensated for the damage that was done during the colonial period. There is also a lingering distrust of France among many people in these countries.