Poland has been dealing with a surge in illegal migration from Belarus since 2021. The government has taken a number of measures to try to stem the flow of migrants, including:
- Building a border wall. Poland has built a 186-mile (300-kilometer) border wall along its border with Belarus. The wall is designed to prevent migrants from crossing the border illegally.
- Declaring a state of emergency. In 2021, the Polish government declared a state of emergency along the border with Belarus. This gave the government special powers to deal with the migrant crisis.
- Deploy troops to the border. The Polish government has deployed thousands of troops to the border with Belarus to help prevent illegal migration.
- Refusing to accept asylum seekers. Poland has refused to accept asylum seekers who have crossed the border illegally from Belarus. The government argues that these asylum seekers are not genuine refugees, but rather economic migrants.
These measures have been criticized by some human rights groups who argue that they are illegal and inhumane. However, the Polish government maintains that they are necessary to protect the country's borders and security.
Whether or not Poland's handling of the migrant crisis is in accordance with EU guidelines is a matter of debate. The EU has a number of laws and regulations governing the treatment of asylum seekers, but these laws are not always clear-cut. In some cases Poland's actions have been found to be in violation of EU law, but in other cases they have been found to be legal.
Ultimately, it is up to the European Court of Justice to decide whether or not Poland's handling of the migrant crisis is in accordance with EU law.