Sunday, July 9, 2023

Side Effects of Different Blood Pressure Medications

 Different classes of medications used to manage high blood pressure can have different side effects. Here are some of the common side effects of each class of medication:

Calcium Channel Blockers

Calcium channel blockers are medications used to lower blood pressure by preventing calcium from entering the cells of the heart and arteries. Some common side effects of calcium channel blockers include:
  • Constipation
  • Dizziness
  • Fast heartbeat (palpitations)
  • Fatigue
  • Flushing
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Rash
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Beta-Blockers

Beta-blockers work by reducing the activity of the heart and blocking the action of hormones like adrenaline. Some common side effects of beta-blockers include:
  • Dizziness
  • Tiredness
  • Blurred vision
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Slow heartbeat
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
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Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs)

ARBs are medications that block the effect of angiotensin II, a chemical that narrows blood vessels. Some common side effects of ARBs include:
  • Dizziness, lightheadedness, or faintness upon rising
  • Physical problems
  • Confusion
  • Severe vomiting or diarrhea
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Diuretics

Diuretics, also known as water pills, help rid the body of excess salt and water. Some common side effects of diuretics include:
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Dehydration
  • Muscle cramps
  • Joint disorders (gout)
  • Impotence
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ACE Inhibitors

ACE inhibitors are medications that relax blood vessels and lower blood pressure. Some common side effects of ACE inhibitors include:
  • Dry cough
  • Increased potassium levels in the blood (hyperkalemia)
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness from blood pressure going too low
  • Headaches
  • Loss of taste
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It's important to note that each medication class has different side effects and may interact with other medications, so it's important to work with a healthcare professional to determine the best medication and dosage for you. If you experience any side effects while taking blood pressure medication, contact your healthcare provider.

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