Saturday, July 22, 2023

Tirzepatide: Efficacy and Safety Compared to Other Diabetes Medications

 Tirzepatide is a dual GIP and GLP-1 receptor agonist that has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus

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 Here are some comparisons of tirzepatide's efficacy and safety to other diabetes medications:

Efficacy

  • In a global phase 3 trial, patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes or with overweight and type 2 diabetes lost an estimated 34.4 pounds (15.7%) of body weight with 10 mg and 15 mg of tirzepatide
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  • The SURMOUNT-2 study found that individuals with type 2 diabetes and obesity lost an average of 15% of their body weight after 72 weeks of treatment with tirzepatide
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  • Tirzepatide has been shown to be effective in improving blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes. In clinical trials, all doses of tirzepatide demonstrated superiority in reducing A1C and body weight from baseline versus placebo or active comparators
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Safety

  • Tirzepatide has a similar safety profile to other drugs in its class
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  • Both tirzepatide and semaglutide have boxed warnings for the risk of thyroid C-cell tumors
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  • There are still questions about the side effects of tirzepatide in people without type 2 diabetes
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Comparison to Other Medications

  • An adjusted indirect treatment comparison found that tirzepatide 10 and 15 mg significantly reduced HbA1c and body weight versus semaglutide 2 mg
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  • The Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER) concluded that tirzepatide has "comparable or incremental net health benefits" compared to Ozempic and "comparable or inferior net health benefits" compared to Jardiance
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  • A systematic review and meta-analysis found that tirzepatide exhibited superior characteristics of lowering HbA1c and fasting serum glucose compared to other diabetes medications
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In summary, tirzepatide has been shown to be effective in reducing body weight and improving blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes. It has a similar safety profile to other drugs in its class, but there are still questions about its side effects in people without type 2 diabetes. Compared to other diabetes medications, tirzepatide has been found to have comparable or superior efficacy in reducing HbA1c and body weight.


Citations:
[1] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35589616/
[2] https://www.fiercepharma.com/pharma/lilly-s-tirzepatide-doesn-t-necessarily-top-diabetes-rivals-jardiance-and-ozempic-icer-says
[3] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34672967/
[4] https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2107519
[5] https://www.drugs.com/compare/tirzepatide
[6] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10159347/
[7] https://www.drugdiscoverytrends.com/tirzepatide-vs-semaglutide-obesity-treatment-showdown/
[8] https://www.healthline.com/health/tirzepatide-vs-semaglutide
[9] https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36152639/
[10] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10231274/
[11] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8987449/
[12] https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2206038
[13] https://nuvoyou.com/blog-1/f/tirzepatide-vs-semaglutide-for-weight-loss-what-you-must-know
[14] https://www.thelancet.com/journals/landia/article/PIIS2213-8587(22)00243-1/fulltext
[15] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9774036/
[16] https://investor.lilly.com/news-releases/news-release-details/lillys-tirzepatide-achieved-157-weight-loss-adults-obesity-or
[17] https://www.practiceupdate.com/content/2021-top-story-in-diabetes-tirzepatide-vs-semaglutide-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes/128316
[18] https://www.acc.org/Latest-in-Cardiology/Clinical-Trials/2021/11/01/03/42/SURPASS-4
[19] https://dom-pubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dom.14775
[20] https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0285197
[21] https://investor.lilly.com/news-releases/news-release-details/tirzepatide-results-published-lancet-show-superior-a1c-and-body
[22] https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2022.1016639/full
[23] https://investor.lilly.com/news-releases/news-release-details/lillys-tirzepatide-achieves-all-primary-and-key-secondary-study
[24] https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-023-02344-1
[25] https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03730662
[26] https://diabetesjournals.org/clinical/article/41/2/258/148021/Efficacy-and-Safety-of-Tirzepatide-in-Adults-With
[27] https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-novel-dual-targeted-treatment-type-2-diabetes

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