Monday, July 24, 2023

What leads to estrogen deficiency?

 Estrogen is the primary hormone that sets women apart from men. While men have it in small amounts, women have far more. Estrogen is responsible for maintaining vaginal blood flow and lubrication, thickening the lining of the uterus during the menstrual cycle, preserving bone density, and playing an important role in sexual development and fertility

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Causes of Estrogen Deficiency

The most common cause of low estrogen is age. It’s natural for estrogen levels to fall as women get older. Low levels unrelated to menopause may be a sign of a condition such as eating disorders, genetic conditions, autoimmune diseases, or primary ovarian insufficiency
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 Other factors that can cause low estrogen levels include excessive exercise, disordered eating, or complications with the ovaries
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Symptoms of Estrogen Deficiency

Symptoms of low estrogen levels range from mild to severe and can include:
  1. Breast tenderness
  2. Fatigue and sleep issues
  3. Irregular menstrual cycles
  4. Disappearing menstrual periods
  5. Hot flashes and night sweats
  6. insomnia
  7. Headaches or worsening migraines
  8. Decreased sex drive and painful intercourse (dyspareunia)
  9. Feeling tired and having trouble sleeping
  10. Thinning skin and hair
  11. Vaginal dryness
  12. Weight gain, especially in the belly
  13. Painful sex due to a decrease in vaginal lubrication
  14. Osteoporosis, which is the weakening of bones that can lead to fractures
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Treatment of Estrogen Deficiency

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the most efficient treatment for symptoms of acute climacteric syndrome and for efficient prevention of long-term estrogen deficiency. HRT is medication that contains female hormones, and you take the medication to replace the estrogen that your body stops making during menopause. HRT is most often used to treat common menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes and vaginal discomfort. HRT has also been proven to prevent bone loss and reduce fracture in postmenopausal women
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 You can take estrogen in the form of a pill, patch, gel, vaginal cream, or slow-releasing suppository or ring that you place in your vagina. If you experience only vaginal symptoms related to menopause, estrogen in a low-dose vaginal cream, tablet, or ring is usually a better choice than an oral pill or a skin patch. Use the lowest effective dose for the shortest amount of time needed to treat your symptoms
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In addition to HRT, lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, and stress reduction techniques can help alleviate symptoms of estrogen deficiency
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If you suspect you have an estrogen deficiency, it's important to talk to your doctor to determine the underlying cause and the best course of treatment for you.

Citation:
[1] https://obgynal.com/low-estrogen-symptoms/
[2] https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/22354-low-estrogen
[3] https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/menopause/in-depth/hormone-therapy/art-20046372
[4] https://www.verywellhealth.com/low-estrogen-symptoms-5185443
[5] https://www.healthline.com/health/womens-health/low-estrogen-symptoms
[6] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6317580/
[7] https://www.metrohealthandwellness.com/blog/8-important-signs-that-your-hormones-are-low
[8] https://www.everlywell.com/blog/womens-health/what-causes-low-estrogen-levels-in-women/
[9] https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/321064
[10] https://www.verywellhealth.com/low-estrogen-levels-4588661
[11] https://www.buoyhealth.com/learn/low-estrogen
[12] https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?ContentID=P00559&ContentTypeID=85
[13] https://joinzoe.com/learn/low-estrogen-in-women

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