That is correct. Our genes are not the only factor that determines our health. Our lifestyle choices, such as diet and exercise, can also influence how our genes are expressed. This is known as epigenetics, which is the study of how our genes are turned on and off.
There is a growing body of research that suggests that epigenetic changes can be caused by environmental factors, such as diet, exercise, and exposure to toxins. These changes can then affect our risk of developing certain diseases.
For example, studies have shown that a diet high in processed foods and low in fruits and vegetables can increase the risk of obesity, heart disease, and cancer. This is because these foods can lead to epigenetic changes that promote inflammation and the growth of cancer cells.
On the other hand, exercise has been shown to have a protective effect against many diseases. This is because exercise can help to reduce inflammation, improve insulin sensitivity, and boost the immune system. Exercise can also help to reverse some of the epigenetic changes that are associated with disease.
So, while our genes play a role in our health, our lifestyle choices can also have a big impact. By eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding toxins, we can help to keep our genes healthy and reduce our risk of developing chronic diseases.
Here are some specific examples of how food and exercise can affect genes:
- Diet: A diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help to promote the expression of genes that protect against disease. For example, fruits and vegetables are rich in antioxidants, which can help to protect DNA from damage. Whole grains contain fiber, which can help to regulate blood sugar levels and reduce inflammation.
- Exercise: Exercise can help to turn on genes that promote the growth of new blood vessels and muscle tissue. This can help to improve cardiovascular health and reduce the risk of obesity, diabetes, and cancer. Exercise can also help to reduce inflammation and improve the function of the immune system.
It is important to note that epigenetic changes are not permanent. They can be reversed by making changes to our lifestyle. So, if you are concerned about your health, there are things you can do to improve your gene expression and reduce your risk of disease. Tool : Google Bard