The EU does not force member countries to accept migrants. However, there is a common European asylum system (CEAS) that sets out shared rules and responsibilities for member states when it comes to asylum seekers. This includes a system of mandatory quotas for member states to accept asylum seekers.
The CEAS was created in 2008 in response to the increasing number of asylum seekers arriving in the EU. The system aims to ensure that asylum seekers are treated fairly and humanely, regardless of which member state they apply to. It also aims to share the responsibility for asylum seekers more evenly among member states.
The mandatory quotas are based on a number of factors, including the size of the member state's population, its economic strength, and its previous record of accepting asylum seekers. The quotas are reviewed every year, and they can be adjusted to reflect changes in the number of asylum seekers arriving in the EU.
The mandatory quotas have been controversial, with some member states arguing that they are unfair and unrealistic. However, the EU has argued that the quotas are necessary to ensure that the asylum system is fair and that the burden of accepting asylum seekers is shared more evenly among member states.
In 2020, the EU agreed to a new asylum pact that would replace the CEAS. The new pact would introduce a number of changes, including a more flexible system of quotas. However, the new pact has not yet been fully implemented.
Here are some of the reasons why the EU forces member countries to accept migrants:
- To ensure that asylum seekers are treated fairly and humanely, regardless of which member state they apply to.
- To share the responsibility for asylum seekers more evenly among member states.
- To protect the rights of asylum seekers and refugees.
- To promote solidarity among member states.
It is important to note that there is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the reasons why the EU forces member countries to accept migrants may vary depending on the specific circumstances.