Saturday, August 5, 2023

How did French colonialism affect the economy of African countries?

 French colonialism had a significant impact on the economy of African countries. During the colonial period, French policy was driven by commercial interests, with the aim of exploiting African resources for the benefit of France. The French imposed their culture and attempted to overpower African heritage and qualities. The French language was enforced, and the education system was dominated by the colonizers, teaching in French about French culture, using French textbooks. This attempted to emphasize that the French way of life was superior to the African way of life, leading to a struggle of cultural identity

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 The French also imposed monoculture agriculture and forced African labor, which led to poor living conditions, famines, and disease, making enslaved labor conditions particularly lethal across French colonies
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 The French also established a monetary policy that continues to cripple domestic economies and undermine democracy in former French African colonies
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 After gaining independence, many African countries continued to pay colonial tax to France, which has contributed to their economic underdevelopment
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 Despite the significant impact of French colonialism on the economy of African countries, the legacy of French colonialism in Africa is still a topic of debate. Through political, economic, and cultural connections, France has attempted to maintain a hegemonic foothold in Francophone Africa, both to serve its interests and maintain a last bastion of prestige associated with a legacy of past mastery
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Citations:
[1] https://www.cadtm.org/Africa-How-France-Continues-to-Dominate-Its-Former-Colonies-in-Africa
[2] https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/183463/1/wp1234.pdf
[3] https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/social-sciences/colonial-policy
[4] https://trace.tennessee.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1182&context=utk_chanhonoproj
[5] https://www.jstor.org/stable/209773
[6] https://www.jstor.org/stable/717912
[7] https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/africaatlse/2017/07/12/the-cfa-franc-french-monetary-imperialism-in-africa/
[8] https://www.jstor.org/stable/24550549
[9] http://smu-facweb.smu.ca/~wmills/course317/4French_Policies.html
[10] https://uwidata.com/20956-the-legacy-of-french-colonialism-in-africa/
[11] https://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/abstract/document/obo-9780199846733/obo-9780199846733-0029.xml
[12] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7afrique
[13] https://www.e-ir.info/2011/06/11/the-ongoing-relationship-between-france-and-its-former-african-colonies/
[14] https://www.africa.upenn.edu/K-12/French_16178.html
[15] https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/14-african-countries-forced-france-pay-colonial-tax-benefits-arnold
[16] https://carnegieendowment.org/2022/06/02/will-france-s-africa-policy-hold-up-pub-87228

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