Saturday, August 5, 2023

What were the cultural and social changes that occurred during French colonialism in Africa?

 French colonialism had a significant impact on African culture and society. During the colonization of Senegal, the French imposed their culture and attempted to overpower Senegalese heritage and qualities. The French language was enforced, and the education system was dominated by the colonizers, teaching in French about French culture, using French textbooks. This attempted to emphasize that the French way of life was superior to the Senegalese way of life, leading to a struggle of cultural identity

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 French colonization forced tribes to interact and communicate even in situations where this was not necessary previously. Tribes within Chad speak their own languages, but French colonization made it so that these tribes had to learn a new language in order to communicate with each other
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 French colonialism also had an impact on African languages. Seventeen African countries adopted French as their national language after gaining independence from their respective colonial regimes. This political move had a number of consequences, both positive and negative
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 French colonialism also had an impact on African education. French colonial history in Africa included a focus on education, which was considered key to assimilation. Schools could not operate without government permission, they had to employ government-certified teachers and follow a government curriculum, and French was the only language of instruction
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 Despite the significant impact of French colonialism on African culture and society, the legacy of French colonialism in Africa is still a topic of debate. Through political, economic, and cultural connections, France has attempted to maintain a hegemonic foothold in Francophone Africa, both to serve its interests and maintain a last bastion of prestige associated with a legacy of past mastery
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Citations:
[1] https://rightforeducation.org/2021/11/24/the-impact-of-french-colonialism-on-senegalese-culture/
[2] https://www.e-ir.info/2011/06/11/the-ongoing-relationship-between-france-and-its-former-african-colonies/
[3] https://carnegieendowment.org/2022/06/02/will-france-s-africa-policy-hold-up-pub-87228
[4] https://uwidata.com/20956-the-legacy-of-french-colonialism-in-africa/
[5] https://www.jstor.org/stable/483769
[6] https://behorizon.org/french-influence-in-africa-colonial-period/
[7] https://www.nytimes.com/2022/04/14/world/africa/france-macron-africa-colonies.html
[8] https://scholarworks.umt.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2979&context=etd
[9] https://www.cadtm.org/Africa-How-France-Continues-to-Dominate-Its-Former-Colonies-in-Africa
[10] https://www.africa.upenn.edu/K-12/French_16178.html
[11] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assimilation_(French_colonialism)
[12] https://www.jstor.org/stable/20627816
[13] https://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/abstract/document/obo-9780199846733/obo-9780199846733-0029.xml

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