Saturday, August 5, 2023

How did French colonialism impact African culture and society?

 French colonialism had a significant impact on African culture and society. The French colonial policy aimed to assimilate and transform all Africans into “French” colonies into black French men

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 The French colonial encounter in West Africa was focused on the Senegal River area and its hinterland. Assimilation lay at the base of France's experience in West Africa. West Africa would become a part of France. The French colonialists came to think of their sphere of influence "as mere provinces overseas"
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 The French colonial policy in Africa was driven by commercial interests and, to a lesser degree, a civilizing mission
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 French ideology aimed at assimilation; to turn Africans into Frenchmen, education was considered key
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 French colonization forced tribes to interact and communicate even in situations where this was not necessary previously. Tribes within Chad speak their own languages, but French colonization made it so that these tribes had to learn a new language in order to communicate with each other
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 French colonialism also had an impact on African languages. Seventeen African countries adopted French as their national language after gaining independence from their respective colonial regimes. This political move had a number of consequences, both positive and negative
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French colonialism also had an impact on African education. French colonial history in Africa included a focus on education, which was considered key to assimilation. Schools could not operate without government permission, they had to employ government-certified teachers and follow a government curriculum, and French was the only language of instruction
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 Although French colonialism had a significant impact on African culture and society, the legacy of French colonialism in Africa is still a topic of debate. Through political, economic, and cultural connections, France has attempted to maintain a hegemonic foothold in Francophone Africa, both to serve its interests and maintain a last bastion of prestige associated with a legacy of past mastery
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Citations:
[1] https://uwidata.com/20956-the-legacy-of-french-colonialism-in-africa/
[2] https://www.cadtm.org/Africa-How-France-Continues-to-Dominate-Its-Former-Colonies-in-Africa
[3] https://tradmag.ca/season-1/language/the-impact-of-french-colonization-on-african-variations-of-arabic/
[4] https://www.jstor.org/stable/42953170
[5] https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/africa-french-colonies
[6] https://www.e-ir.info/2011/06/11/the-ongoing-relationship-between-france-and-its-former-african-colonies/
[7] https://carnegieendowment.org/2022/06/02/will-france-s-africa-policy-hold-up-pub-87228
[8] https://www.cambridgescholars.com/product/978-1-4438-7731-2
[9] https://cepr.org/voxeu/columns/british-and-french-educational-legacies-africa
[10] https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/676416
[11] https://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/abstract/document/obo-9780199846733/obo-9780199846733-0029.xml
[12] https://www.cambridgescholars.com/resources/pdfs/978-1-4438-7731-2-sample.pdf
[13] https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/pdf/10.1086/445061
[14] https://behorizon.org/french-influence-in-africa-colonial-period/
[15] https://cursus.edu/en/23080/africa-to-the-conquest-of-the-french-language
[16] https://oxfordre.com/africanhistory/display/10.1093/acrefore/9780190277734.001.0001/acrefore-9780190277734-e-679
[17] https://www.africa.upenn.edu/K-12/French_16178.html
[18] https://www.jstor.org/stable/3820239
[19] https://www.exhibit.xavier.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1017&context=xjur
[20] https://rightforeducation.org/2021/11/24/the-impact-of-french-colonialism-on-senegalese-culture/
[21] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/African_French
[22] https://karmacolonialism.org/sacrificing-education-on-the-altar-of-francophonie/
[23] https://www.nytimes.com/2022/04/14/world/africa/france-macron-africa-colonies.html
[24] https://journals.openedition.org/etudesafricaines/15630
[25] https://www.oneworldeducation.org/our-students-writing/colonialism-in-french-west-africa/
[26] https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4020-6403-6_13

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