Tuesday, August 22, 2023

How would the BRICS expansion affect the political power balance in the world?

 The expansion of the BRICS bloc could have a significant impact on the political power balance in the world. Proponents of the expansion argue that it would represent a diverse group of nations that share a common desire to have a more balanced global order in an increasingly complex and fractured world. 

The BRICS grouping helps emerging powers to adapt to and actively shape the transition towards a multipolar order capable of constraining America’s room for maneuver and increasing that of emerging powers. 

It could bring more diversity of perspective into the discussion on global issues. However, opponents of the expansion, including Brazil and India, fear that their voices might get diluted, and they have raised objections in preparatory talks for a summit in Johannesburg. 

They want strict rules on how and when other nations could move closer to the group, without formally expanding it. Furthermore, the bloc risks becoming more pointedly geopolitical in its bid to rebalance global power, especially as China and Russia seek to bring it on side against rising tensions with the West – something its expansion could facilitate. 

Taking in more members too quickly could leave BRICS incoherent, weakening rather than strengthening the bloc. Therefore, the impact of the BRICS expansion on the political power balance in the world is a matter of debate, and it remains to be seen how the expansion will affect the global political landscape.


How would the BRICS expansion affect the geopolitical landscape of the member countries?   

The expansion of the BRICS bloc could have a significant impact on the geopolitical landscape of the member countries. Here are some arguments from the search results in favor and against the expansion:Arguments in favor of the BRICS expansion:

  • BRICS seeks to be a champion of the Global South, and many developing nations are unhappy with Western-dominated institutions
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  • An expanded BRICS could reset world politics and bring more diversity of perspective into the discussion on global issues
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  • The BRICS grouping helps emerging powers to adapt to and actively shape the transition towards a multipolar order capable of constraining America’s room for maneuver and increasing that of emerging powers
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  • Over 40 countries are interested in joining the bloc, and many of them have a desire to level a global playing field many consider rigged against them
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Arguments against the BRICS expansion:

  • Brazil and India are reluctant to expand and have a desire to maintain the group with its five members. With the entry of new members, the two countries may have their influence in the group diminished, and the BRICS would cease to be an exclusive group
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  • Taking in more members too quickly could leave BRICS incoherent, weakening rather than strengthening the bloc
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  • The complex nature of relations between the nations and their differing approaches towards the West could undermine the political impact of BRICS as a bloc
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  • Finding a common denominator would become more difficult, and expansion would not be a sign of the group’s growing diplomatic clout
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In summary, the expansion of the BRICS bloc could have both positive and negative effects on the geopolitical landscape of the member countries. While it could bring more diversity of perspective and help emerging powers to adapt to a multipolar order, it could also lead to a weakened and incoherent bloc, and some member countries may have their influence diminished.

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