French colonization had a significant impact on Niger and the wider West African region. The French arrived in Niger in the late 19th century, establishing a presence that would last until independence in 1960. During this period, the French implemented policies aimed at maximizing their economic and political control over the territory. One of the most notable effects of French colonization was the establishment of large-scale plantations for cash crops such as cotton, peanuts, and tobacco. These plantations were worked by local laborers who were often forced to work long hours for low wages.
Overall, the effects of French colonization on Niger and West Africa were complex and multifaceted. While it brought some benefits, it also had significant negative consequences that continue to be felt today.
During the period of French colonial domination in West Africa, political infrastructures were established with the primary aim of exploiting the valuable resources of the colonies. This objective was achieved through the implementation of oppressive tactics that ensured that control over the population was maintained at all times.