Friday, December 29, 2023

Who was Babylonian king Hammurabi?

 Hammurabi, also spelled Hammurapi, was the sixth Amorite king of the Old Babylonian Empire, reigning from around 1792 to 1750 BC

1
.
 He inherited the power from his father, Sin-Muballit, and during his reign, he conquered the city-states of Larsa, Eshnunna, and Mari
1
.
 Hammurabi ousted Ishme-Dagan I, the king of Assyria, and forced his son Mut-Ashkur to pay tribute, bringing almost all of Mesopotamia under Babylonian rule
1
.
Hammurabi is best known for issuing the Code of Hammurabi, which he claimed to have received from Shamash, the Babylonian god of justice
1
.
 This code of laws was once considered the oldest promulgation of laws in human history
2
.
 Unlike earlier Sumerian law codes, Hammurabi's code was comprehensive, covering both civil and criminal matters
1
4
.
 The code was inscribed in stone on a monument showing Hammurabi being blessed by the sun god Shamash
5
.
Hammurabi was an able administrator, an adroit diplomat, and a canny imperialist
3
.
 He was patient in the achievement of his goals and personally engaged in the details of implementing changes during his reign
2
3
.
 His reign brought about changes affecting nearly all spheres of life, aimed at the consolidation of conditions resulting from the transformation of a small city
2
.
Even after the empire he built collapsed, Hammurabi was still revered as a model ruler, and many kings across the Near East claimed him as an ancestor
1
.
 His reign became the frame of reference for all events occurring in the distant past for later Mesopotamians
1
.
 Hammurabi's eminence in Mesopotamian history is well recognized, and he is regarded as an important figure in the history of law
2
4
.

what was the code of hammurabi? The Code of Hammurabi is a comprehensive set of 282 laws that were developed during the reign of Hammurabi, the sixth king of Babylon, from 1792 to 1750 BC
1
.
 It is considered the most complete and perfect extant collection of Babylonian laws
1
.
 The code was inscribed on a stela, a stone or wooden slab, generally taller than it is wide, erected for funerary or commemorative purposes
1
.
The laws cover a wide range of topics, including economic provisions (prices, tariffs, trade, and commerce), family law (marriage and divorce), criminal law (assault and theft), and civil law (slavery and debt)
1
.
 The penalties for violating these laws varied according to the status of the offenders and the circumstances of the offenses
1
.
The Code of Hammurabi was advanced for its time, moving beyond tribal custom and recognizing no blood feud, private retribution, or marriage by capture
1
.
 It was meant to be applied to a wider realm than any single country and to integrate Semitic communities
1
.
The code was discovered by French archaeologists in 1901 in the ancient city of Susa, which is in modern-day Iran
3
.
 Despite what many people believe, this code of laws was not the first. However, it is significant because it represents one of the earliest and most complete legal codes
3
.
Hammurabi stated in the prologue to the list of laws that he wanted "to make justice visible in the land, to destroy the wicked person and the evil-doer, so that the strong should not harm the weak"
3
.
 This indicates that the code was intended to provide a universal set of laws for all of the diverse peoples Hammurabi had conquered
3
.
 

No comments:

Post a Comment

Why does new a born sleep most of the time?

  Here's why newborns sleep so much: Rapid Development: Brain Growth:  A newborn's brain is undergoing incredible development. Sleep...