Wednesday, February 21, 2024

The new viral infection 'adeno in Karachi . What are the symptoms? How can I protect myself?

 What are adenoviruses?

  • Adenoviruses are a group of common viruses causing various illnesses.
  • They primarily target the respiratory system, but can also affect the eyes, stomach, and intestines.
  • Infections are common, especially in children.

Symptoms of adenovirus infections

Symptoms vary depending on the type of adenovirus and the area of the body infected. Common symptoms include:

  • Respiratory: Cold-like symptoms (runny nose, cough, sore throat), fever, bronchitis, pneumonia.
  • Eyes: Pink eye (conjunctivitis).
  • Stomach/Intestines: Diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain.
  • Others: Bladder inflammation, fever.

How to protect yourself

Adenoviruses are highly contagious. Here's how to minimize your risk:

  1. Wash your hands frequently: Use soap and warm water, scrubbing for at least 20 seconds. Alcohol-based hand sanitizer is an alternative when soap and water aren't available.
  2. Avoid touching your face: Especially your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  3. Clean and disinfect surfaces: Disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces in your home, workplace, and schools.
  4. Cover coughs and sneezes: Use a tissue or cough into your elbow to prevent the spread of droplets.
  5. Stay home when sick: Avoid spreading the virus to others.
  6. Vaccination: There are adenovirus vaccines available for military personnel, but not for the general public.

Important Notes:

  • Most adenovirus infections are mild and go away on their own within a few days to a week.
  • Severe infections are more likely in people with weakened immune systems or underlying lung or heart conditions.
  • There's a possible link between adenovirus and a recent outbreak of hepatitis in children, but this is still under investigation.

If you have concerns or if your symptoms worsen, please consult your doctor.

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