The brutal and horrifying 1929 Hebron massacre was a pogrom against the Jewish community in Hebron, Mandatory Palestine. On August 24, 1929, a mob of Arab Muslims attacked Jewish residents of Hebron, killing 67 and wounding 53. The massacre was one of the deadliest attacks against Jews in the Middle East during the British Mandate period.
There are a number of factors that contributed to the massacre. One factor was the rise of Arab nationalism in Palestine in the early 20th century. Arab nationalists were opposed to the British Mandate and the growing Jewish presence in Palestine. They saw the Jews as outsiders who were trying to take over their land.
Another factor was the economic competition between Jews and Arabs in Hebron. Many Jews were merchants and shopkeepers, while many Arabs were laborers. This economic competition led to resentment and tension between the two communities.
Finally, the massacre was also influenced by religious extremism. Some Muslim clerics in Hebron preached that Jews were infidels and that they should be driven out of Palestine. This religious extremism helped to inflame the mob that attacked the Jewish community on August 24, 1929.
The Hebron massacre was a tragic event that had a profound impact on the Jewish community in Palestine. It led to a wave of emigration of Jews from Hebron and other parts of the country. The massacre also contributed to the growing sense of insecurity and fear among Jews in Palestine.
The Hebron massacre is a reminder of the fragility of peace and the importance of tolerance and understanding between different religious and ethnic groups. It is also a reminder of the need to protect the rights of all people, regardless of their religion or ethnicity.