Friday, August 4, 2023

What is the history of MQM Pakistan and its leaders?

 MQM Pakistan, previously known as Muhajir Qaumi Movement, is a secular political party in Pakistan that was founded by Altaf Hussain in 1984

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 The party claims to represent the Muhajir community in Pakistan, which is a community of Urdu-speaking Muslims who migrated from India to Pakistan after the partition of India in 1947. MQM Pakistan has undergone several splits and mergers over the years, with different factions claiming to represent the Muhajir community. In January 2023, Farooq Sattar and Mustafa Kamal joined the MQM-P in a much-hyped merger
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 Anis Ahmad Kaimkhani, who was the co-founder and president of Pak Sarzameen Party, also merged his party into MQM-P
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 MQM-Pakistan is mostly active in Karachi where the majority of Muhajirs currently reside
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Farooq Sattar is the leader of MQM-Pakistan
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 He was born in Karachi and educated at the Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi. Sattar began his political career in 1987 as a member of MQM
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 He has been the senior deputy convener of the MQM and its parliamentary leader in the National Assembly
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 In 2008, he was a candidate for Prime Minister of Pakistan
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Syed Mustafa Kamal is a Pakistani politician and former Mayor of City of Karachi
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 He was elected as an MPA in Sindh Assembly in 2002 general election and served as Minister of Information Technology
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 In his famous press conference, Mustafa Kamal opened up about his lifelong personal experiences as a prominent member of MQM and what made him leave the country even when he was serving as a senator at the time
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Anis Ahmad Kaimkhani is a Pakistani politician who was the co-founder and president of Pak Sarzameen Party until its merger into MQM-Pakistan
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 He was born on 5 October in Hyderabad, Pakistan where he also received his early education
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 His father was Hidayat Ali Khan who died in December 2012
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 Anis Kaimkhani worked with MQM in the past
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It is worth noting that the MQM-Pakistan has been accused of criminal activities and has lost support in recent years
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 The party has also undergone several splits and mergers over the years, with different factions claiming to represent the Muhajir community
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 It is unclear whether the Muhajir community as a whole supports the MQM-Pakistan, as the community is not a monolithic group and has diverse political views
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Citations:
[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muttahida_Qaumi_Movement_%E2%80%93_London
[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syed_Mustafa_Kamal
[3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anis_Kaimkhani
[4] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Farooq_Sattar
[5] https://www.arabnews.pk/node/2231986/pakistan
[6] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muttahida_Qaumi_Movement_%E2%80%93_Pakistan
[7] https://www.meridian.org/alm/syed-mustafa-kamal/
[8] https://dunyanews.tv/en/Pakistan/698674-Reunion-will-make-MQM-P-stronger-politically:-Anees-Qaimkhani
[9] https://na.gov.pk/en/profile.php?uid=914
[10] https://www.dawn.com/news/1729491
[11] https://www.dawn.com/news/1027569/timeline-a-history-ofmqm
[12] https://www.instagram.com/kamalpsp/?hl=en
[13] https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Anis_Kaimkhani
[14] https://www.loc.gov/item/lcwaN0023440/
[15] https://www.thenews.com.pk/tns/detail/1030572-will-unifying-mqm-work
[16] https://www.britannica.com/topic/Muttahida-Qaumi-Movement
[17] https://facebook.com/KamalPSP/
[18] https://arynews.tv/anees-kaimkhani/
[19] https://twitter.com/dfsmqm?lang=en
[20] https://tribune.com.pk/story/2393507/reunifying-mqm
[21] https://www.loc.gov/item/lcwaN0006079/
[22] https://twitter.com/kamalpsp?lang=en
[23] https://peoplepill.com/people/anis-kaimkhani
[24] https://pakvoter.org/politicians_profiles/dr-farooq-sattar/
[25] https://tribune.com.pk/story/2397443/mqms-moment-of-truth
[26] http://www.nihcr.edu.pk/Latest_English_Journal/Jul-Decem%202015%20No.2/4.%20Muttahida%20Qaumi%20Movement,%20Annam%20Azeem.pdf
[27] https://www.geo.tv/latest/464619-mustafa-kamal-farooq-sattar-join-mqm-p
[28] https://www.geo.tv/latest/422740-psp-leader-anis-kaimkhanis-car-shot-at-during-na-240-by-polls
[29] https://pakvoter.org/dr-farooq-sattar/
[30] https://www.globalvillagespace.com/mqm-psp-merger-will-it-last-and-what-does-it-mean-for-karachi/
[31] https://ciaotest.cc.columbia.edu/journals/aln/aln947/f_0024176_19717.pdf
[32] https://youtube.com/watch?v=tqQhQgLbSy0
[33] https://tribune.com.pk/anis-kaimkhani
[34] https://youtube.com/watch?v=YutJ8hEEuAU
[35] https://www.jstor.org/stable/2645723

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