Sunday, June 25, 2023

Kidney dialysis : how long can you live and what are the complications?

 Kidney dialysis is a treatment for people with kidney failure that helps filter waste and excess fluid from the blood. There are two types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis involves using a machine to filter the blood, while peritoneal dialysis uses the lining of the abdomen to filter the blood

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Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy on dialysis is 5-10 years, although many patients have lived well on dialysis for 20 or even 30 years
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 However, survival on dialysis varies substantially with age and other factors such as overall health and underlying medical conditions
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 For example, a healthy 65-year-old man in the general population can expect about 17 years of life in the absence of kidney failure but will live for only 3.6 years on dialysis
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Complications

Both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis can cause side effects and complications. Some common complications associated with hemodialysis include low blood pressure, muscle cramps, infection, anemia, bone disease, itching, and high blood pressure
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 Complications associated with peritoneal dialysis include infection in the catheter site or abdominal cavity, peritonitis, hernias, weight gain, increased blood sugar levels, high blood pressure, anemia, and bone disease
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Fatigue is a common side effect in people who use either form of dialysis on a long-term basis. It is thought to be caused by a combination of the loss of normal kidney function, the effects dialysis can have on the body, dietary restrictions associated with dialysis, and overall stress and anxiety that many people with kidney failure experience
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It is important to keep in mind that although these complications can occur, not everyone will experience them. Your healthcare provider can help you manage and prevent these complications during dialysis treatment
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Prevention

Preventing complications of dialysis requires careful management on the part of your healthcare team and you as the patient. Knowing the causes and symptoms can ensure that treatment is delivered quickly if a complication occurs, further extending your life, health, and well-being
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If you are experiencing any changes to your overall health, such as fever, shortness of breath, itchy skin, or other symptoms, be sure to let your care team know. Additionally, regular exercise and a healthy diet can help improve energy levels and overall health
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In conclusion, individuals undergoing kidney dialysis can live a long and productive life, although life expectancy can vary depending on factors such as age, overall health, and underlying medical conditions. While complications can arise during dialysis treatment, careful management and prevention can help minimize their impact on your health and well-being.
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